Photovoltaic empowers, 5,000 acres of farmland in Weining is full of vitality
Guizhou Jinyuan "Agriculture and Light Complementarity" Demonstration Dazzling Wumeng
Text/Picture Liu Kunlun
Edible fungus, white radish, vegetable sprouts... Under the photovoltaic panels of Weining Autonomous County, various vegetables are full of vitality. The "Agriculture and Photovoltaic Complementary" project jointly developed by State Power Investment Group Guizhou Jinyuan Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Guizhou Jinyuan) Weining Energy Company and a local agricultural company, using agricultural products grown on more than 5,000 acres of land under photovoltaic panels, is entering a gratifying experience. Harvest season.
"Agriculture and light complementation" play a demonstrative effect
In the recent afternoon, a large-scale edible mushroom special vehicle from Hunan, full of oyster mushrooms, slowly drove out of the agricultural demonstration park in the Xiajiapingzi Photovoltaic Field in Longjie Town, Weining Autonomous County.
"Every day, there is a truck of oyster mushrooms shipped to other places." said Lan Huafeng, chairman of Guizhou Huafeng Weiye Trading Co., Ltd., starting from the end of June, the demonstration garden has harvested more than 10,000 catties of oyster mushrooms every day, which are mainly sold to Chongqing, Hunan, and Sichuan. , Jiangsu, Hubei and other places, "all are order-based production, because the output is too small to meet the needs of customers."
Lan Huafeng introduced that the demonstration garden has produced about 400,000 jin of oyster mushrooms, with an output value of more than 1.6 million yuan. It is estimated that 1 million catties of oyster mushrooms can be produced this year, with an output value of more than 4 million yuan.
In 2020, all 57, 5.2 million kilowatt photovoltaic bidding projects in Guizhou Province will achieve grid-connected power generation. For two consecutive years, it has become the province with the largest scale, the fastest construction speed and the highest grid-connection rate for national photovoltaic bidding projects in the country. Guizhou Provincial Energy Bureau requires that new photovoltaic projects are developed in accordance with the coupling of photovoltaic + agriculture, tourism and other industries.
The Xiajiaping sub-photovoltaic project with an installed capacity of 50,000 kilowatts is a national bidding project of Weining Energy Company in 2020. It was completed and connected to the grid at the end of December of that year. The annual power generation capacity is 5.91 million kilowatt-hours and the annual output value of power generation is 2.41 million yuan.
In August 2020, Weining introduced Guizhou Huafeng Weiye Trading Co., Ltd. into the Xiajiapingzi photovoltaic field of Weining Energy Company through investment promotion, adopting photovoltaic + facility agricultural greenhouse planting mode, and covering an area of 75 acres of photovoltaic panels Next, in parallel with the photovoltaic project, a demonstration garden for edible fungi planting in agricultural greenhouses will be constructed.
In the demonstration park, there are 105 agricultural greenhouses, a 300-square-meter cold storage, a production line with a daily output of 15,000 stick edible fungi, a 800-square-meter production workshop, and other related supporting production facilities.
Lan Huafeng said that the biggest advantage of building a greenhouse under photovoltaic panels is that it can avoid direct sunlight in summer and has a cooling effect. In winter, it can keep the greenhouse warm and prevent hail, rainstorm, freezing and other natural disasters. It is useful for agricultural greenhouses. Play a very good protective and protective role. Agricultural greenhouses make full use of the idle land resources under the photovoltaic support to increase the added value of the land.
Lan Huafeng said that based on a single greenhouse that can put 4,500 to 6,000 mycobacteria, the output of each mycobacteria is 5 to 7 kilograms. There are two seasons per year, and the annual output of 105 greenhouses is about 7.2 million kilograms. Calculated based on the market comprehensive price of 4 yuan per catty, the annual output value is about 30 million yuan. At the same time, it also solved the employment problem of about 300 local idle laborers in rural areas.
"This year is trial production, with only one season, and the output is relatively low." Lan Huafeng said that in the next two years, the company will use the effective land under the photovoltaic panels of Weining Energy Company to invest 320 million yuan to build 10,000 mu of edible fungi and traditional Chinese medicine. The agricultural base of material facilities focuses on the cultivation of mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, Hericium erinaceus, Ganoderma lucidum, Polygonum multiflorum and other edible fungi and Chinese medicinal materials. It is estimated that the annual output value is about 4 billion yuan, which can provide employment for more than 100,000 local people.
Ding Xiongjun, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group and Director of the Guizhou Energy Bureau, investigated the Xiajiapingzi photovoltaic project and believed that the demonstration park promotes the rational use of land resources in photovoltaic power stations, realizes resource complementarity, drives the increase of local people’s income, and contributes to rural revitalization and development. It is a real "agricultural and solar complementary" project, which is worthy of promotion throughout the province.
The happiness of employment at home
Recently, at 7 am, Cai Saner, who lives in Gaoshan Village, Shuanglong Town, Weining Autonomous County, and more than 30 local villagers came to the Xianshuiwo Photovoltaic Power Station Red Rapeseed Stalk Test Base early to harvest the red rapeseed stalks in the first ray of sunshine in the morning. .
As an old employee of Guizhou Xinyijia Agricultural Development Co., Ltd., Cai Saner is a good hand at planting vegetables.
"A person can harvest 100 catties of red rape stalks a day, and the income is about 100 yuan." Speaking of his income from working in the company for more than two years, Cai Saner said with a smile: "It's great now. My son and I are here. When the company goes to work, the two people have a combined income of more than 8,000 yuan a month. The company also manages three meals a day, and the food is very good."
According to Cai Fen, chairman of Guizhou Xinyijia Agricultural Development Co., Ltd., in early July this year, the company tried to plant 300 acres of red rape stalk under the photovoltaic panels of the Xianshuiwo photovoltaic power station. The vegetable sprouts are growing very well. Harvesting began on August 10, and the harvest will continue for 3 months, requiring dozens of villagers to participate in the harvesting work every day.
"By the end of this year, the company will develop 3,000 acres of different varieties of vegetables and Chinese medicinal materials under photovoltaic panels according to different seasons and different soils." Cai Fen said that by next year, the company is expected to develop 10,000 acres under photovoltaic panels. The above-mentioned planting industry has promoted the employment of local villagers and increased their income.
Chen Qiuxiang, who lives in the Bianju Group of Longjie Village, Longjie Town, has been working here since the start of the Longjie photovoltaic greenhouse, and can receive a monthly salary of about 3,000 yuan.
"Working at home can not only take care of the children and family members, but also have a stable income." Chen Qiuxiang said that in the past, the family lived by growing corn and potatoes. Worry about the cost of reading. Now, working near the door of my house can solve my children's study expenses and daily expenses. This is a good thing that I didn't even dare to think of in the past.
"Agriculture and light complementation" boost rural revitalization
It is understood that Weining Energy currently has 30 photovoltaic power stations in the Weining area, with a usable land area of 23,351 mu.
Over the years, Weining Energy Company has vigorously promoted the "agricultural and solar complementary" project, using local high-altitude and low-yield dry land and wasteland, adopting the method of leasing, without changing the properties of the land used, and adopting high brackets and large spacing to arrange photovoltaic arrays. While the power station is generating electricity, the land under the high supports can be used to grow crops of higher economic value, driving local farmers to achieve stable income and increase income.
In 2020, with the continuous efforts of Guizhou Jinyuan Weining Million New Energy Base, the "agricultural and solar complementary" project will accelerate. Weining Energy Company adopts a variety of cooperation modes, introduces powerful and technical agricultural technology companies, and accelerates the cooperation in the "agricultural and solar complementary" project. This year, the company’s 5,575 acres of effective land under photovoltaic panels is planted with more than 10 varieties of crops, including red rape stalk, marigold, shrub tea, edible fungi, and white radish, with an estimated annual output value of nearly 100 million yuan.
Ye Zhaolong, general manager of Weining Energy Company, said that the company will seize the opportunity of the country’s "14th Five-Year Plan" to vigorously develop new energy, and continue to explore in accordance with the national new energy integration agricultural development requirements, combined with relevant experience in agricultural photovoltaic demonstration project construction, production and operation The "PV+" development model will deepen the integration and development of "agricultural and photovoltaic complementation". By the end of 2022, the company will achieve full coverage of agricultural planting in the company's Weining region, and contribute to the realization of carbon peak and carbon neutral goals and help the revitalization of Weining villages. .
News source: Guizhou Daily